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Porozina is a small port town in Croatia, located on the northwest coast of Cres. It is connected by ferry to Brestova (Kršan municipality) on the Istria mainland.
The old town is situated upon a hillock above the port, and in the last two decades a new holiday neighbourhood has been built.
In the Classical era there was a lighthouse on the hillock above the port, that is how the town got its name (Pharum insulae).
On this site today we find ruins of an old Franciscan monastery of Saint Nicholas and an old Gothic church, dating to the 15th century. The monastery was used by Franciscan Glagolitic monks of the third order, who managed to preserve Old Church Slavonic as a liturgy language even up to the 13th century. The monastery edifice was abandoned in 1843, when it was also partly demolished. Its ruins manifest characteristics of the renaissance architecture.
The church was victim of many robberies, and it was almost burnt to the ground in the 16th century. Remarkably, it withstood all those perils and it stands well preserved even today. Among its many distinct features are Glagolitic inscriptions on its walls.
The settlement is situated in a cove on the north of the island. The cove offers good natural protection from all the winds, so this spot was the only one suitable for docking from time immemorial.
Valun, a typical fishing village sheltered by the Bay of Pernat, and nestled by the Bay of Cres, is known far and away for the discovery of the famous Valun Plate. The plate was found in the small Church of St. Mark, which is in the village cemetery.
This exceptional document, extremely important for the history and culture of Croats in the region, dates from the IX. century, and can be admired today on the wall of the Parochial Church of St. Mary. The Valun Plate is known for its wellpreserved bi-lingual inscription, one in the Glagolic and the other in Latin text. Copies of other similar inscriptions are being kept in the lapidarium outside the "Juna" tavern. The area has been gained by the rearrangement of the old oil factory and the small nearby museum. This museum is a tribute to the industrious and hard-working nature of the locals. It can be argued that the peasant and naval traditions are intertwined here.
Martinscica is a young, very beautiful and the second largest settlement on the island of Cres which is situated along a large bay open towards the southwest. A beautiful town with plenty of Mediterranean vegetation, sandy beaches, excellent seafood restaurants and a special atmosphere has become a favorite holiday destination for seafood, fishing and nature lovers.
Martinscica is an essential stop for yachts on their way to the south because it has a protected harbor. It is a unique experience to visit Vidovici (a small town situated at an altitude of 280m) after the wind the view extends all the way to Istria and even to Italy. Vidovici is accessible from Martinscica by a steep road and from Vidovic mountain trails lead to Grmovo and Lubenica.
The historic core of Martinscica makes the church of St. Martin with a Franciscan monastery dating back to the 16th century and the Castle of family Sforza from the 17th century.
Osor is a village and a small port on the Cres island.
Osor lies at a narrow channel that separates islands Cres and Lošinj. The channel was built in Roman times to make sailing possible. Now the islands are connected with a rotating bridge. Originally Cres and Lošinj were one island, Osor, before the channel was cut.
The first settlements of the area date in the prehistoric times. In Roman times, Osor, then called Apsoros, was an important center of trade on the route to the ports of Northern Adriatic. After the fall of Roman Empire, Osor became a part of Byzantine Empire and was a seat of archdiocese since the 6th century. In 840 it was burned down by Saracens, in the 10th century, it came under Croatian rule. In The 14th century it was under the rule of the Republic of Venice, in the 19th under the rule of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and after First World War part of the Kingdom of Italy.
Today, Osor is a tourist-oriented town in the Republic of Croatia, with sculptures of Ivan Meštrović and others scattered around the center. Several camping sites are located in the surroundings.